Harmful practices are common in some communities and societies that still carry out some traditional practices, which they present as a part of accepted norms, some of these practices include, Forced or early marriages, female genital mutilation (FMG), and marriage by abduction.
The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that: is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and/or
Interferes with their schooling by: depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematurely; or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. Globally there is already an estimated number of 152 million children in child labour, says International Labour Organization (ILO).
Thegreenchild’s ongoing campaign, “the child’s future first campaign” against child abuse, which covers child labour and other related matters. Thegreenchild is also reaching children who are in homes, schools and streets, taking reports directly from these children about their social welfare.
Child trafficking is about taking children out of their protective environment and preying on their vulnerability for the purpose of exploitation. Although no precise figures exist, the ILO (in 2005) estimated that 980,000 to 1,225,000 children - both boys and girls - are in a forced labour situation as a result of trafficking, says International Labor Organization (ILO). In Nigeria children have been taken from their parents to live in the city for domestic labor, with no opportunity to education. Child trafficking in Nigeria comes in the form luring a child in a rural area to the city with hopes of a greener future. Report has shown that nearly eight in ten children below the age of 18 who left their families where they had access to local community schools, did not have the opportunity to continue their education; the few who did were overworked, serving as victims of domestic labor and other forms of child maltreatment.